Safe and just Earth system boundaries
Rockstroem, Johan; Gupta, Joyeeta; Qin, Dahe; Lade, Steven J.; Abrams, Jesse F.; Andersen, Lauren S.; Armstrong McKay, David I.; Bai, Xuemei; Bala, Govindasamy; Bunn, Stuart E.; Ciobanu, Daniel; DeClerck, Fabrice; Ebi, Kristie; Gifford, Lauren; Gordon, Christopher; Hasan, Syezlin; Kanie, Norichika; Lenton, Timothy M.; Loriani, Sina; Liverman, Diana M.; Mohamed, Awaz; Nakicenovic, Nebojsa; Obura, David; Ospina, Daniel; Prodani, Klaudia; Rammelt, Crelis; Sakschewski, Boris; Scholtens, Joeri; Stewart-Koster, Ben; Tharammal, Thejna; van Vuuren, Detlef; Verburg, Peter H.; Winkelmann, Ricarda; Zimm, Caroline; Bennett, Elena M.; Bringezu, Stefan; Broadgate, Wendy; Green, Pamela A.; Huang, Lei; Jacobson, Lisa; Ndehedehe, Christopher; Pedde, Simona; Rocha, Juan; Scheffer, Marten; Schulte-Uebbing, Lena; de Vries, Wim; Xiao, Cunde; Xu, Chi; Xu, Xinwu; Zafra-Calvo, Noelia; Zhang, Xin
Date Issued2023
Other AbstractThe stability and resilience of the Earth system and human well-being are inseparably linked(1-3), yet their interdependencies are generally under-recognized; consequently, they are often treated independently(4,5). Here, we use modelling and literature assessment to quantify safe and just Earth system boundaries (ESBs) for climate, the biosphere, water and nutrient cycles, and aerosols at global and subglobal scales. We propose ESBs for maintaining the resilience and stability of the Earth system (safe ESBs) and minimizing exposure to significant harm to humans from Earth system change (a necessary but not sufficient condition for justice)(4). The stricter of the safe or just boundaries sets the integrated safe and just ESB. Our findings show that justice considerations constrain the integrated ESBs more than safety considerations for climate and atmospheric aerosol loading. Seven of eight globally quantified safe and just ESBs and at least two regional safe and just ESBs in over half of global land area are already exceeded. We propose that our assessment provides a quantitative foundation for safeguarding the global commons for all people now and into the future.
WOS Research AreaMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS SubjectScience Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
WOS IDWOS:001002578400001
Document Type期刊论文
AffiliationPotsdam Institut fur Klimafolgenforschung; University of Potsdam; Stockholm University; University of Amsterdam; IHE Delft Institute for Water Education; Chinese Academy of Sciences; China Meteorological Administration; Chinese Academy of Sciences; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS; Australian National University; University of Exeter; Indian Institute of Science (IISC) - Bangalore; Griffith University; University of Washington; University of Washington Seattle; University of Arizona; University of Ghana; Keio University; University of Hamburg; International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA); Indian Institute of Science (IISC) - Bangalore; Utrecht University; Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology Domain; Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow & Landscape Research; Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam; University of Potsdam; McGill University; CGIAR; Alliance; International Center for Tropical Agriculture - CIAT; McGill University; Universitat Kassel; City University of New York (CUNY)...
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Rockstroem, Johan,Gupta, Joyeeta,Qin, Dahe,et al. Safe and just Earth system boundaries[J],2023,619(7968).
APA Rockstroem, Johan.,Gupta, Joyeeta.,Qin, Dahe.,Lade, Steven J..,Abrams, Jesse F..,...&Zhang, Xin.(2023).Safe and just Earth system boundaries.NATURE,619(7968).
MLA Rockstroem, Johan,et al."Safe and just Earth system boundaries".NATURE 619.7968(2023).
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