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DOI10.1126/sciadv.adi6857
Evidence for early domestic yak, taurine cattle, and their hybrids on the Tibetan Plateau
Chen, Ningbo; Zhang, Zhengwei; Hou, Jiawen; Chen, Jialei; Gao, Xuan; Tang, Li; Wangdue, Shargan; Zhang, Xiaoming; Sinding, Mikkel-Holger S.; Liu, Xuexue; Han, Jianlin; Lu, Hongliang; Lei, Chuzhao; Marshall, Fiona; Liu, Xinyi
Date Issued2023
ISSN2375-2548
Volume9Issue:50
Other AbstractDomestic yak, cattle, and their hybrids are fundamental to herder survival at high altitudes on the Tibetan Plateau. However, little is known about their history. Bos remains are uncommon in this region, and ancient domestic yak have not been securely identified. To identify Bos taxa and investigate their initial management, we conducted zooarchaeological analyses of 193 Bos specimens and sequenced five nuclear genomes from recently excavated assemblages at Bangga. Morphological data indicated that more cattle than yak were present. Ancient mitochondrial DNA and nuclear genome sequences identified taurine cattle and provided evidence for domestic yak and yak-cattle hybridization similar to 2500 years ago. Reliance on diverse Bos species and their hybrid has increased cattle adaptation and herder resilience to plateau conditions. Ancient cattle and yak at Bangga were closely related to contemporary livestock, indicating early herder legacies and the continuity of cattle and yak husbandry on the Tibetan Plateau.
enkeywordsBOS-TAURUS L; COMPLETE MITOCHONDRIAL GENOME; BASIC CRANIOLOGY; DNA; IDENTIFICATION; PROPORTIONS; ADMIXTURE; ALIGNMENT; ORIGINS
WOS Research AreaMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:001124698400003
journalSCIENCE ADVANCES
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://gcip.llas.ac.cn/handle/2XKMVOVA/283919
AffiliationNorthwest A&F University - China; Sichuan University; Chinese Academy of Sciences; Kunming Institute of Zoology, CAS; University of Copenhagen; Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences; Universite de Toulouse; Universite Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); CNRS - Institute of Ecology & Environment (INEE); Yazhouwan National Laboratory; Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences; Washington University (WUSTL)
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, Ningbo,Zhang, Zhengwei,Hou, Jiawen,et al. Evidence for early domestic yak, taurine cattle, and their hybrids on the Tibetan Plateau[J],2023,9(50).
APA Chen, Ningbo.,Zhang, Zhengwei.,Hou, Jiawen.,Chen, Jialei.,Gao, Xuan.,...&Liu, Xinyi.(2023).Evidence for early domestic yak, taurine cattle, and their hybrids on the Tibetan Plateau.SCIENCE ADVANCES,9(50).
MLA Chen, Ningbo,et al."Evidence for early domestic yak, taurine cattle, and their hybrids on the Tibetan Plateau".SCIENCE ADVANCES 9.50(2023).
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