CCPortal
DOI10.1002/ldr.4928
Three decadal large-scale ecological restoration projects across the Tibetan Plateau
Zhao, Hui; Wei, Da; Wang, Xiaodan; Hong, Jiangtao; Wu, Jianbo; Xiong, Donghong; Liang, Yuling; Yuan, Zhengrong; Qi, Yahui; Huang, Lin
Date Issued2024
ISSN1085-3278
EISSN1099-145X
startpage22
endpage32
Volume35Issue:1
Other AbstractAveraged over 4000 m in elevation, Tibetan Plateau (TP) functions as an important ecological security barrier in China. Alpine ecosystems present a trend of overall improvement under the influence of climate change and human activities, yet there are localized deteriorations. To improve the ecological function of the TP, large-scale ecological restoration projects (ERPs) have been carried out over the past 30 years, which could be classified into three stages, that is, Exploration (1989-2003), Rapid Growth (2004-2014), and Comprehensive Development Stage (2015-present). With a total area of 850,000 km2, the ERPs include forest protection and construction, grassland protection and construction, water and soil erosion control, and desertification land management. The positive effect at the local scale has been widely verified, but the responses of productivity and species diversity were inconsistent. The positive effect at the regional scale gradually emerges, yet the spatial heterogeneity is significant, and the quantification of driving forces is an important prerequisite. There is a significant increase of rare wild animals in natural reserves, though it failed to curb the loss of animal and plant diversity in artificially planted areas. The long-term effects of various ERPs on biodiversity should be taken into account so as to optimize the ecological measures and build a sustainable management model after project restoration. By summarizing the above achievements and problems of ERPs, we proposed a stepwise ecological restoration and adaptive management scheme by different restoration goals and reference modes, that is, Environmental treatment-Ecological restoration projects-Adaptive management.
Keywordalpine ecosystemecological restoration projects (ERPs)multi-scale ecological effectsstepwise ecological restoration modeTibetan Plateau
enkeywordsNET PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY; SOIL CARBON STORAGE; GRAZING EXCLUSION; ALPINE GRASSLANDS; CLIMATE-CHANGE; SPECIES COMPOSITION; NORTHERN TIBET; GROWING-SEASON; ECOSYSTEM; DEGRADATION
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences ; Soil Science
WOS IDWOS:001075710800001
journalLAND DEGRADATION & DEVELOPMENT
Source Publication中国科学院青藏高原研究所
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://gcip.llas.ac.cn/handle/2XKMVOVA/283880
AffiliationChinese Academy of Sciences; Institute of Mountain Hazards & Environment, CAS; Chinese Academy of Sciences; Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS; Chinese Academy of Sciences; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS; Chinese Academy of Sciences; Institute of Geographic Sciences & Natural Resources Research, CAS; Chinese Academy of Sciences; Institute of Mountain Hazards & Environment, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhao, Hui,Wei, Da,Wang, Xiaodan,et al. Three decadal large-scale ecological restoration projects across the Tibetan Plateau[J]. 中国科学院青藏高原研究所,2024,35(1).
APA Zhao, Hui.,Wei, Da.,Wang, Xiaodan.,Hong, Jiangtao.,Wu, Jianbo.,...&Huang, Lin.(2024).Three decadal large-scale ecological restoration projects across the Tibetan Plateau.LAND DEGRADATION & DEVELOPMENT,35(1).
MLA Zhao, Hui,et al."Three decadal large-scale ecological restoration projects across the Tibetan Plateau".LAND DEGRADATION & DEVELOPMENT 35.1(2024).
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