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DOI10.2489/jSWC.2023.00155
Characteristics of the soil macropore and root architecture of alpine meadows during the seasonal freezing-thawing process and their impact on water transport in the Qinghai Lake watershed, northeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
Hu, X.; Jiang, L. -b.; Zhao, Y. -d.; Li, X. -y.
Date Issued2023
ISSN0022-4561
EISSN1941-3300
startpage299
endpage308
Volume78Issue:4
Other AbstractLow temperatures, freezing-thawing cycles, and short growing seasons character-ize alpine soils. The mattic epipedon, a special diagnostic surface horizon with an intensive root network, is widely distributed in alpine ecosystems. Studies on the soil macropores and roots of the mattic epipedon layer in response to seasonal freezing-thawing processes on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau are lacking. This study characterized the soil macropores and roots of alpine meadows during the seasonal freezing-thawing process using X-ray computed tomog-raphy and revealed the influence of soil macropores and roots structure on water transport in the mattic epipedon layer of the alpine meadows. The results showed that the soil pore distri-bution was more uniform during the unstable freezing stage (UFP) and the unstable thawing stage (UTP), whereas there was a clear mattic epipedon layer during the completely thawed stage (TP) and the completely frozen stage (FP). Soils in the TP stage had a higher total sur-face area density (0.1898 mm2 mm-3), length density (225.28 mm mm-3), node density (1,592 no. mm-3), and connectivity (0.3144) of soil macropores than those in the UFP, UTP, and FP stages. In the TP stages, the density, surface area density, branch density, length density, and node density of roots had significant correlations with the macroporosity, surface area density, length density, node density, and tortuosity of soil macropores. In the FP stage, there were no correlations between the root and soil macropore characteristics. Vertical water is expected to move more readily through the mattic epipedon in the TP stage than in the UFP and UTP stages. Roots were the preferential pathways for water transport into the soil layer of the alpine meadow. Therefore, the mattic epipedon is a key layer for water and nutrient storage and plays an important role in the water-holding function of the Tibetan Plateau due to its greater root development.
Keywordmattic epipedonrootseasonal freezing-thawingsoil macroporesoil water
enkeywordsCLAY LOAM; CYCLES; QUANTIFICATION; FLOW; BEHAVIOR
WOS Research AreaEcology ; Soil Science ; Water Resources
WOS IDWOS:001039131700004
journalJOURNAL OF SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://gcip.llas.ac.cn/handle/2XKMVOVA/283422
AffiliationBeijing Normal University; Beijing Normal University
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hu, X.,Jiang, L. -b.,Zhao, Y. -d.,et al. Characteristics of the soil macropore and root architecture of alpine meadows during the seasonal freezing-thawing process and their impact on water transport in the Qinghai Lake watershed, northeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau[J],2023,78(4).
APA Hu, X.,Jiang, L. -b.,Zhao, Y. -d.,&Li, X. -y..(2023).Characteristics of the soil macropore and root architecture of alpine meadows during the seasonal freezing-thawing process and their impact on water transport in the Qinghai Lake watershed, northeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.JOURNAL OF SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION,78(4).
MLA Hu, X.,et al."Characteristics of the soil macropore and root architecture of alpine meadows during the seasonal freezing-thawing process and their impact on water transport in the Qinghai Lake watershed, northeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau".JOURNAL OF SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION 78.4(2023).
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