Aerosol invigoration of atmospheric convection through increases in humidity
Abbott T.H.; Cronin T.W.
Date Issued2021
Other AbstractCloud-aerosol interactions remain a major obstacle to understanding climate and severe weather. Observations suggest that aerosols enhance tropical thunderstorm activity; past research, motivated by the importance of understanding aerosol impacts on clouds, has proposed several mechanisms that could explain that observed link. We find that high-resolution atmospheric simulations can reproduce the observed link between aerosols and convection. However, we also show that previously proposed mechanisms are unable to explain the invigoration. Examining underlying processes reveals that, in our simulations, high aerosol concentrations increase environmental humidity by producing clouds that mix more condensed water into the surrounding air. In turn, higher humidity favors large-scale ascent and stronger convection. Our results provide a physical reason to expect invigorated thunderstorms in high-aerosol regions of the tropics. © 2021 American Association for the Advancement of Science. All rights reserved.
enkeywordsaerosol; atmospheric convection; cloud; humidity; severe weather; thunderstorm; aerosol; article; humidity; simulation; thermodynamics; thunderstorm; tropics
Document Type期刊论文
AffiliationDepartment of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Abbott T.H.,Cronin T.W.. Aerosol invigoration of atmospheric convection through increases in humidity[J],2021,371(6524).
APA Abbott T.H.,&Cronin T.W..(2021).Aerosol invigoration of atmospheric convection through increases in humidity.Science,371(6524).
MLA Abbott T.H.,et al."Aerosol invigoration of atmospheric convection through increases in humidity".Science 371.6524(2021).
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