Technologies and policies to decarbonize global industry: Review and assessment of mitigation drivers through 2070
Rissman J.; Bataille C.; Masanet E.; Aden N.; Morrow W.R.; III; Zhou N.; Elliott N.; Dell R.; Heeren N.; Huckestein B.; Cresko J.; Miller S.A.; Roy J.; Fennell P.; Cremmins B.; Koch Blank T.; Hone D.; Williams E.D.; de la Rue du Can S.; Sisson B.; Williams M.; Katzenberger J.; Burtraw D.; Sethi G.; Ping H.; Danielson D.; Lu H.; Lorber T.; Dinkel J.; Helseth J.
Date Issued2020
Other AbstractFully decarbonizing global industry is essential to achieving climate stabilization, and reaching net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050–2070 is necessary to limit global warming to 2 °C. This paper assembles and evaluates technical and policy interventions, both on the supply side and on the demand side. It identifies measures that, employed together, can achieve net zero industrial emissions in the required timeframe. Key supply-side technologies include energy efficiency (especially at the system level), carbon capture, electrification, and zero-carbon hydrogen as a heat source and chemical feedstock. There are also promising technologies specific to each of the three top-emitting industries: cement, iron & steel, and chemicals & plastics. These include cement admixtures and alternative chemistries, several technological routes for zero-carbon steelmaking, and novel chemical catalysts and separation technologies. Crucial demand-side approaches include material-efficient design, reductions in material waste, substituting low-carbon for high-carbon materials, and circular economy interventions (such as improving product longevity, reusability, ease of refurbishment, and recyclability). Strategic, well-designed policy can accelerate innovation and provide incentives for technology deployment. High-value policies include carbon pricing with border adjustments or other price signals; robust government support for research, development, and deployment; and energy efficiency or emissions standards. These core policies should be supported by labeling and government procurement of low-carbon products, data collection and disclosure requirements, and recycling incentives. In implementing these policies, care must be taken to ensure a just transition for displaced workers and affected communities. Similarly, decarbonization must complement the human and economic development of low- and middle-income countries. © 2020 The Authors
enkeywordsEmissions; Energy; Industry; Materials; Policy; Technology
journalApplied Energy
Source Publication世界资源研究所
Document Type期刊论文
AffiliationEnergy Innovation LLC, 98 Battery St Ste 202, San Francisco, CA 94111, United States; Institut du Développement Durable et des Relations Internationales (IDDRI), 27 rue Saint-Guillaume, Paris Cedex 07, 75337, France; Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Dr, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada; Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Rd, Evanston, IL 60208, United States; World Resources Institute, 10 G St, NE, Ste 800, Washington, DC, 20002, United States; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Rd, Berkeley, CA 94720, United States; American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, 529 14th St, NW, Suite 600, Washington, DC, 20045, United States; ClimateWorks Foundation, 235 Montgomery St Ste 1300, San Francisco, CA 94104, United States; Center for Industrial Ecology, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, United States; BASF, Carl-Bosch-Straße 38, Ludwigshafen am Rhein, 67063, Germany; U.S. DOE Advanced Manufacturing Office, 1000 Independence Ave,...
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Rissman J.,Bataille C.,Masanet E.,et al. Technologies and policies to decarbonize global industry: Review and assessment of mitigation drivers through 2070[J]. 世界资源研究所,2020,266.
APA Rissman J..,Bataille C..,Masanet E..,Aden N..,Morrow W.R..,...&Helseth J..(2020).Technologies and policies to decarbonize global industry: Review and assessment of mitigation drivers through 2070.Applied Energy,266.
MLA Rissman J.,et al."Technologies and policies to decarbonize global industry: Review and assessment of mitigation drivers through 2070".Applied Energy 266(2020).
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