Urban form and transportation energy consumption
Kaza N.
Date Issued2020
Other AbstractTransportation energy is a significant portion of the energy consumption of the US economy. While various policies such as changing the fuel mix and alternative fuels are proposed to make the system more efficient, the efficacy of land use policies such as changing the urban form and densification have been subject to considerable debate. In this paper, I use a rich dataset compiled from different sources to test the effectiveness of urban form on energy consumption in the transportation sector. I proxy the consumption with retail sales from gas stations for most of the conterminous United States at a county level. Using demographic, economic and landscape characteristics, I tease out the effect of different dimensions of urban form on energy consumption. I find that compact and contiguous urban form is modestly associated with lower energy consumption and is more important than demographic concentration in explaining the variance. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd
enkeywordsCities; Landscape metrics; Transportation; Urban form
scopus keywordsAlternative fuels; Economics; Energy utilization; Land use; Population statistics; Sales; Statistical tests; Transportation; Cities; Land use policy; Landscape characteristic; Landscape metrics; Lower energies; Transportation energy consumption; Transportation sector; Urban form; Urban transportation; data set; demography; fuel consumption; retailing; urban morphology; urban transport; United States
journalEnergy policy
Document Type期刊论文
AffiliationDepartment of City & Regional Planning, Environment, Ecology & Energy Program, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3140, United States
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Kaza N.. Urban form and transportation energy consumption[J],2020,136.
APA Kaza N..(2020).Urban form and transportation energy consumption.Energy policy,136.
MLA Kaza N.."Urban form and transportation energy consumption".Energy policy 136(2020).
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